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The phonology and morphology of arabic / Janet C.E. Watson.

By: Watson, Janet C. E.
Material type: TextTextPublisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2002Description: ix, 307 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.ISBN: 0198241372.Subject(s): Arabic language -- Dialects -- Egypt -- Cairo -- Phonology | Arabic language -- Dialects -- Yemen (Republic) -- Sanaa„ -- Phonology | Arabic language -- Dialects -- Egypt -- Cairo -- Morphology | Arabic language -- Dialects -- Yemen (Republic) -- Sanaa. -- MorphologyDDC classification: 492.77096216 Online resources: Table of contents
Contents:
Machine generated contents note: 1. INTRODUCTION -- 11. The Semitic language family -- 111. Phonology -- 112. Morphology -- 113. Syntax -- 12. Arabic within Central Semitic -- 121. The spread of Arabic -- 122. The development of Arabic -- 123. The emergence of a standard language and diglossia -- 13. The present study -- 2. THE PHONEME SYSTEM OF ARABIC -- 21. Consonants -- 211. Bilabials -- 212. Labio-dental -- 213. Dentals -- 214. Interdentals -- 215. Sibilants -- 216. Palatals -- 217. Liquids -- 218. Velars -- 219. Uvulars -- 2110. Pharyngeals -- 2111. Glottals -- 2112. Glides -- 22. The consonantal system of San'ani -- 23. The consonantal system of Cairene -- 24. Vowels -- 241. Short vowels -- 242. Long vowels -- 243. Diphthongs -- 244. Cairene long vowels -- 3. PHONOLOGICAL FEATURES -- 31. Root features -- 32. Stricture features -- 33. Laryngeal features -- 34. Place/articulator features -- 341. Primary versus non-primary place -- 342. [Labial] -- 343. The [coronal]-front vowel debate -- 344. [Dorsal] -- 345. [Guttural] -- 346. [Coronal] -- 347. The representation of the pharyngealized coronals -- 348. The representation of the uvulars -- 349. The representation of the pharyngeals -- 3410. The phonetic interpretation of non-primary [guttural] -- 3411. The representation of the vowels -- 35. Conclusion -- 4. SYLLABLE STRUCTURE AND SYLLABIFICATION -- 41. Association and the syllabic skeleton -- 42. Syllable structure -- 43. Superheavy and 'super-superheavy' syllable types -- 44. Syllabification -- 441. Syllable repair processes -- 442. Syncope -- 45. Conclusion -- 5. WORD STRESS -- 51. Word stress patterns -- 511. Word stress patterns in Cairene -- 512. Word stress patterns in San'ani -- 52. The theoretical model -- 521. The moraic model -- 522. The iambic/trochaic division -- 523. Degenerate feet and the minimal word -- 524. Extrametricality -- 525. Extrasyllabicity -- 53. Word stress in Cairene -- 531. Exceptions to the stress algorithm -- 54. Word stress in San'ani -- 541. Domain-final CVVC/CVCC -- 542. Domain-final CVV -- 543. Suffixed words with pre-antepenultimate CVV -- or CVG syllables -- 544. Stress fluctuation -- 545. Secondary stress -- 55. Conclusion -- 6. MORPHOLOGY -- 61. The morpheme -- 62. Root-and-pattern morphology -- 63. Non-concatenative morphology -- 64. Prosodic morphology -- 641. The minimal word -- 642. Basic stems -- 65. Level-one verbal morphology -- 651. Finite verb stems -- 652. Forms II, III, and IV -- 653. Forms VII, VIII, IX, and X -- 654. Forms V and VI -- 655. Form I imperfect template -- 656. Non-triliteral verbs -- 657. Verbal derivatives -- 66. Level-one nominal morphology -- 67. Conclusion -- 7. MORPHOLOGY 2 -- 71. Level-two verbal morphology -- 711. Affixation of level-two verbal morphemes -- 712. Affixation of further morphemes -- 713. Allomorphy -- 72. Level-two nominal and adjectival morphology -- 721. Affixation of level-two nominal morphemes -- 722. Allomorphy -- 723. The -i morpheme in Cairene -- 724. A homophonous morpheme in San'ani -- 73. Additional suffixal morphemes in Cairene -- 731. Turkish suffixes -- 732. Additional native suffixes -- 733. Additional suffixal morphemes in San'ani -- 734. Additional native suffixes -- 74. Conclusion -- 8. LEXICAL PHONOLOGY -- 81. Prosodic processes -- 811. Pre-suffix vowel lengthening (in CA) -- 812. y-strengthening (in CA) -- 813. n-strengthening -- 814. *V-V resolution in the inflection of final-weak stems -- 815. Diphthong reduction and n-strengthening (in SA) -- 816. Pre- {negative } degemination (in SA) -- 817. h-disassociation (in SA) -- 82. Melodic processes -- 821. The role of the Obligatory Contour Principle -- 822. Assimilation of - of the definite article -- 823. Assimilation of t- of the detransitivizing prefix -- 83. Conclusion -- 9. POST-LEXICAL PHONOLOGY -- 91. Prosodic processes -- 911. Unstressed long vowel shortening (in CA) -- 912. Resolution of V-V sequences -- 913. Gemination of clitic-final sonorant (in SA) -- 92. Melodic processes -- 921. Nasal place assimilation -- 922. Coronal sonorant assimilation -- 923. Assimilation of adjacent sibilants -- 924. Coronal place assimilation -- 925. Voicing assimilation (in CA) -- 926. Voicing, devoicing, and geminate devoicing (in SA) -- 927. Intervocalic voicing (in SA) -- 928. Palatalization -- 929. Labialization of [labial] and [dorsal] consonants (in SA) -- 9210. Labialization of [dorsal] vowels -- 93. Conclusion -- 10. EMPHASIS -- 101. The articulatory correlates of emphasis -- 102. The acoustic correlates of emphasis -- 103. [Guttural] spread -- 104. The domain of emphasis spread -- 1041. Emphasis spread fromthe primarycoronal emphatics -- in Cairene -- 1042. Emphasis spread from the secondary emphatics -- 1043. Analysis -- 1044. Spread from the pharyngeals and the guttural off-glide -- 105. Enhancing features and emphasis spread in San'ani -- 1051. [Labial] spread and transparent segments -- 1052. The directionality of [labial] spread -- 1053. The pharyngeals -- 106 Conclusion.
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Includes bibliographical references (p. [287]-298) and indexes.

Machine generated contents note: 1. INTRODUCTION -- 11. The Semitic language family -- 111. Phonology -- 112. Morphology -- 113. Syntax -- 12. Arabic within Central Semitic -- 121. The spread of Arabic -- 122. The development of Arabic -- 123. The emergence of a standard language and diglossia -- 13. The present study -- 2. THE PHONEME SYSTEM OF ARABIC -- 21. Consonants -- 211. Bilabials -- 212. Labio-dental -- 213. Dentals -- 214. Interdentals -- 215. Sibilants -- 216. Palatals -- 217. Liquids -- 218. Velars -- 219. Uvulars -- 2110. Pharyngeals -- 2111. Glottals -- 2112. Glides -- 22. The consonantal system of San'ani -- 23. The consonantal system of Cairene -- 24. Vowels -- 241. Short vowels -- 242. Long vowels -- 243. Diphthongs -- 244. Cairene long vowels -- 3. PHONOLOGICAL FEATURES -- 31. Root features -- 32. Stricture features -- 33. Laryngeal features -- 34. Place/articulator features -- 341. Primary versus non-primary place -- 342. [Labial] -- 343. The [coronal]-front vowel debate -- 344. [Dorsal] -- 345. [Guttural] -- 346. [Coronal] -- 347. The representation of the pharyngealized coronals -- 348. The representation of the uvulars -- 349. The representation of the pharyngeals -- 3410. The phonetic interpretation of non-primary [guttural] -- 3411. The representation of the vowels -- 35. Conclusion -- 4. SYLLABLE STRUCTURE AND SYLLABIFICATION -- 41. Association and the syllabic skeleton -- 42. Syllable structure -- 43. Superheavy and 'super-superheavy' syllable types -- 44. Syllabification -- 441. Syllable repair processes -- 442. Syncope -- 45. Conclusion -- 5. WORD STRESS -- 51. Word stress patterns -- 511. Word stress patterns in Cairene -- 512. Word stress patterns in San'ani -- 52. The theoretical model -- 521. The moraic model -- 522. The iambic/trochaic division -- 523. Degenerate feet and the minimal word -- 524. Extrametricality -- 525. Extrasyllabicity -- 53. Word stress in Cairene -- 531. Exceptions to the stress algorithm -- 54. Word stress in San'ani -- 541. Domain-final CVVC/CVCC -- 542. Domain-final CVV -- 543. Suffixed words with pre-antepenultimate CVV -- or CVG syllables -- 544. Stress fluctuation -- 545. Secondary stress -- 55. Conclusion -- 6. MORPHOLOGY -- 61. The morpheme -- 62. Root-and-pattern morphology -- 63. Non-concatenative morphology -- 64. Prosodic morphology -- 641. The minimal word -- 642. Basic stems -- 65. Level-one verbal morphology -- 651. Finite verb stems -- 652. Forms II, III, and IV -- 653. Forms VII, VIII, IX, and X -- 654. Forms V and VI -- 655. Form I imperfect template -- 656. Non-triliteral verbs -- 657. Verbal derivatives -- 66. Level-one nominal morphology -- 67. Conclusion -- 7. MORPHOLOGY 2 -- 71. Level-two verbal morphology -- 711. Affixation of level-two verbal morphemes -- 712. Affixation of further morphemes -- 713. Allomorphy -- 72. Level-two nominal and adjectival morphology -- 721. Affixation of level-two nominal morphemes -- 722. Allomorphy -- 723. The -i morpheme in Cairene -- 724. A homophonous morpheme in San'ani -- 73. Additional suffixal morphemes in Cairene -- 731. Turkish suffixes -- 732. Additional native suffixes -- 733. Additional suffixal morphemes in San'ani -- 734. Additional native suffixes -- 74. Conclusion -- 8. LEXICAL PHONOLOGY -- 81. Prosodic processes -- 811. Pre-suffix vowel lengthening (in CA) -- 812. y-strengthening (in CA) -- 813. n-strengthening -- 814. *V-V resolution in the inflection of final-weak stems -- 815. Diphthong reduction and n-strengthening (in SA) -- 816. Pre- {negative } degemination (in SA) -- 817. h-disassociation (in SA) -- 82. Melodic processes -- 821. The role of the Obligatory Contour Principle -- 822. Assimilation of - of the definite article -- 823. Assimilation of t- of the detransitivizing prefix -- 83. Conclusion -- 9. POST-LEXICAL PHONOLOGY -- 91. Prosodic processes -- 911. Unstressed long vowel shortening (in CA) -- 912. Resolution of V-V sequences -- 913. Gemination of clitic-final sonorant (in SA) -- 92. Melodic processes -- 921. Nasal place assimilation -- 922. Coronal sonorant assimilation -- 923. Assimilation of adjacent sibilants -- 924. Coronal place assimilation -- 925. Voicing assimilation (in CA) -- 926. Voicing, devoicing, and geminate devoicing (in SA) -- 927. Intervocalic voicing (in SA) -- 928. Palatalization -- 929. Labialization of [labial] and [dorsal] consonants (in SA) -- 9210. Labialization of [dorsal] vowels -- 93. Conclusion -- 10. EMPHASIS -- 101. The articulatory correlates of emphasis -- 102. The acoustic correlates of emphasis -- 103. [Guttural] spread -- 104. The domain of emphasis spread -- 1041. Emphasis spread fromthe primarycoronal emphatics -- in Cairene -- 1042. Emphasis spread from the secondary emphatics -- 1043. Analysis -- 1044. Spread from the pharyngeals and the guttural off-glide -- 105. Enhancing features and emphasis spread in San'ani -- 1051. [Labial] spread and transparent segments -- 1052. The directionality of [labial] spread -- 1053. The pharyngeals -- 106 Conclusion.

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